The hottest German legislation opens the way for a

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German legislation "opens the way" for autonomous vehicle

Germans, who have always been known for their strictness and conservatism, have recently done a "non conservative" thing. Recently, both houses of the German parliament passed a bill proposed by the Ministry of transport to ensure that the wire rod is on the zigzag center line. By modifying the current road traffic regulations, it is allowed to realize the conditioning from plastic to rubber or the full auto drive system to replace human autonomous driving, giving it the same legal position as the driver. As the first country in the world to incorporate autonomous vehicle into road traffic regulations, Germany has been praised by many media as "once again standing in the leading position of the automotive industry", and the German automaker AUDI was full of praise in an interview with the media: "this measure will lay a solid foundation for the German automotive industry to become a pioneer in the field of autonomous driving."

■ a big step in the field of autonomous driving legislation

this is a small step by the German government, but it is a big step in the field of autonomous driving legislation. The German Association of automobile manufacturers recently said, "this is a very important step, which is of great significance for promoting the application and promotion of driverless technology on actual roads." Next, they expect that the new regulations in Germany can actively promote the legislative work in the field of driverless driving in Europe, so that when crossing the national border, the driverless systems of cars owned by European car companies do not have to be shut down

as early as September 2012, the governor of California signed the sb1298 act, which allows autonomous vehicle to be legally on the road. Since then, the California Vehicle Administration (DMV) has published the draft based on autonomous vehicle testing and the advanced pilot draft. Recently, DMV allowed the test vehicles to go on the road without drivers, and also disclosed the road test data of 11 autonomous vehicle research companies, including Google, Ford, Tesla, general motors, Honda and Bosch

compared with the automatic driving law of the United States, the new regulations in Germany are more stringent: in any case, the driver must sit in the driver's seat to prevent taking over the control of the car when necessary. In addition, because traffic accidents are still possible, the regulations require that cars must be equipped with a black box system to record the accident 1 Before using, liquid medium must be added into the low-temperature tank first. When it comes to health, is it a person or a computer who controls the car. If the driver drives, the driver who caused the accident shall bear the accident; If the vehicle is controlled by the auto drive system, and the system failure leads to the accident, the automobile manufacturer shall be responsible for compensation

■ "it doesn't mean to liberate your hands from tomorrow"

however, the details related to the new regulations still need to be finalized. For example, how to limit the time of handover agreement when the driver regains the control of the vehicle; In order to ensure that the driver can concentrate on the traffic situation, whether the tablet computer connected to the car should be suspended when the driver starts driving the car again. New German regulations require that in order to avoid a repeat of the tragedy that happened in Tesla, automakers must explain to consumers under what circumstances the car is difficult to deal with or will make mistakes, which requires drivers to take back the driving right of the vehicle in time

therefore, although the automobile enterprises are happy, they still maintain a cautious attitude. "This does not mean that drivers can really free their hands from tomorrow," a continental spokesman said. "The new regulations are also the basis for regulators to develop and certify automatic driving standards."

Audi said that at present, based on the standards and regulatory conditions of different markets, they are testing the adaptability of the same product function in different scenarios. However, at present, the relevant laws and regulations of various countries are not clear, so they began to try to communicate with regulators around the world for the first time about the promotion and application schedule of the third level of autonomous driving (the line of sight can leave the road). "The third level of autonomous driving requires a more reliable backup systematic architecture design in terms of software and hardware, from sensors to various software models leading to driving systems, such as brakes." Audi pointed out

■ the safety challenge is greater at the initial stage of autonomous driving

however, some people in the German automotive industry are worried about the implementation of the new regulations, and they believe that the incidence of traffic accidents in Germany may show an upward trend in the short term after the implementation of the new regulations. For example, before the implementation of the new regulations, if the driver has a heart attack, the car will slow down automatically and send an indication signal; However, when the driver doesn't operate the steering wheel, the current intelligent driving device will take over the driving right of the car and maintain the current driving state until a certain condition occurs and then take parking measures. At this time, an accident may have occurred

previously, what Tesla called "autonomous driving" was the second level of auxiliary driving function, but this led some consumers to misunderstand that it was safe enough, so that their eyes deviated from the road, leading to tragedy. In order to prevent such incidents from happening again, the "cruise driver" launched by continental group only advises drivers when it is suitable for autonomous driving

in addition, German legislators said that although the auto drive system will improve road traffic safety, the auto insurance industry will face great challenges in the early days of the autonomous driving era: the maximum amount of compensation for auto insurance may be significantly increased, of which the maximum amount of compensation for personal injury will be increased to 10million euros, and the maximum amount of compensation for current property losses will be increased to 2million euros

recently, the UK has also introduced the automotive technology and aviation act, which clearly stipulates that vehicles and passengers covered by the same insurance policy will exert more pressure on autonomous vehicle manufacturers and software developers, because they must bear compensation in the event of an accident

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